
Binarium
The Best Binary Options Broker 2020!
Good for Beginners!
Free Education + Free Demo Account!
Get Your SignUp Bonus Now!
Bullish Trading Strategies
Bullish strategies in options trading are employed when the options trader expects the underlying stock price to move upwards. It is necessary to assess how high the stock price can go and the timeframe in which the rally will occur in order to select the optimum trading strategy.
Very Bullish
The most bullish of options trading strategies is the simple call buying strategy used by most novice options traders.
Moderately Bullish
In most cases, stocks seldom go up by leaps and bounds. Moderately bullish options trader usually set a target price for the bull run and utilize bull spreads to reduce risk. While maximum profit is capped for these strategies, they usually cost less to employ.
Mildly Bullish
Mildly bullish trading strategies are options strategies that make money as long as the underlying stock price do not go down on options expiration date. These strategies usually provide a small downside protection as well. Writing outofthemoney covered calls is one example of such a strategy.
You May Also Like
Continue Reading.
Buying Straddles into Earnings
Buying straddles is a great way to play earnings. Many a times, stock price gap up or down following the quarterly earnings report but often, the direction of the movement can be unpredictable. For instance, a sell off can occur even though the earnings report is good if investors had expected great results. [Read on. ]
Writing Puts to Purchase Stocks
If you are very bullish on a particular stock for the long term and is looking to purchase the stock but feels that it is slightly overvalued at the moment, then you may want to consider writing put options on the stock as a means to acquire it at a discount. [Read on. ]

Binarium
The Best Binary Options Broker 2020!
Good for Beginners!
Free Education + Free Demo Account!
Get Your SignUp Bonus Now!
What are Binary Options and How to Trade Them?
Also known as digital options, binary options belong to a special class of exotic options in which the option trader speculate purely on the direction of the underlying within a relatively short period of time. [Read on. ]
Investing in Growth Stocks using LEAPSÂ® options
If you are investing the Peter Lynch style, trying to predict the next multibagger, then you would want to find out more about LEAPSÂ® and why I consider them to be a great option for investing in the next MicrosoftÂ®. [Read on. ]
Effect of Dividends on Option Pricing
Cash dividends issued by stocks have big impact on their option prices. This is because the underlying stock price is expected to drop by the dividend amount on the exdividend date. [Read on. ]
Bull Call Spread: An Alternative to the Covered Call
As an alternative to writing covered calls, one can enter a bull call spread for a similar profit potential but with significantly less capital requirement. In place of holding the underlying stock in the covered call strategy, the alternative. [Read on. ]
Dividend Capture using Covered Calls
Some stocks pay generous dividends every quarter. You qualify for the dividend if you are holding on the shares before the exdividend date. [Read on. ]
Leverage using Calls, Not Margin Calls
To achieve higher returns in the stock market, besides doing more homework on the companies you wish to buy, it is often necessary to take on higher risk. A most common way to do that is to buy stocks on margin. [Read on. ]
Day Trading using Options
Day trading options can be a successful, profitable strategy but there are a couple of things you need to know before you use start using options for day trading. [Read on. ]
What is the Put Call Ratio and How to Use It
Learn about the put call ratio, the way it is derived and how it can be used as a contrarian indicator. [Read on. ]
Understanding PutCall Parity
Putcall parity is an important principle in options pricing first identified by Hans Stoll in his paper, The Relation Between Put and Call Prices, in 1969. It states that the premium of a call option implies a certain fair price for the corresponding put option having the same strike price and expiration date, and vice versa. [Read on. ]
Understanding the Greeks
In options trading, you may notice the use of certain greek alphabets like delta or gamma when describing risks associated with various positions. They are known as “the greeks”. [Read on. ]
Valuing Common Stock using Discounted Cash Flow Analysis
Since the value of stock options depends on the price of the underlying stock, it is useful to calculate the fair value of the stock by using a technique known as discounted cash flow. [Read on. ]
Chapter 6 Bullish Option Strategies
Bullish Option Strategies
Bullish options trading strategies are used when options trader expects the underlying assets to rise. It is very important to determine how much the underlying price will move higher and the timeframe in which the rally will occur in order to select the best options strategy. The simplest way to make profit from rising prices using options is to buy calls. However, buying call is not necessarily the best way to make money in moderately or mildly bullish market. Following are the most popular bullish strategies that can be used depend upon different scenarios.
How to make profit using bullish option trading strategies?
Long Call
When to initiate a Long call?
Long call is best used when you expect the underlying asset to increase significantly in a relatively short period of time. It would still benefit if you expect the underlying asset to rise slowly. However, one should be aware of the time decay factor, because the time value of call will reduce over a period of time as you reach near to expiry.
Why to use the Long call
This is a good strategy to use because downside risk is limited only up to the premium/cost of the call you pay, no matter how much the underlying asset drops. It also gives you the flexibility to select risk to reward ratio by choosing the strike price of the options contract you buy.
Strategy  Buy/Long Call Option 

Market Outlook  Extremely Bullish 
Breakeven at expiry  Strike price + Premium paid 
Risk  Limited to premium paid 
Reward  Unlimited 
Margin required  No 
Let’s try to understand with an Example:
Current ABC Ltd Price  8200 

Strike price  8200 
Premium Paid (per share)  60 
BEP (strike Price + Premium paid)  8260 
Lot size  75 
Suppose the stock of ABC Ltd is trading at Rs. 8,200. A call option contract with a strike price of Rs. 8,200 is trading at Rs. 60. If you expect that the price of ABC Ltd will rise significantly in the coming weeks, and you paid Rs. 4,500 (75*60) to purchase single call option covering 75 shares. So, as expected, if ABC Ltd rallies to Rs. 8,300 on options expiration date, then you can sell immediately in the open market for Rs. 100 per share. As each option contract covers 75 shares, the total amount you will receive is Rs. 7,500. Since you had paid Rs. 4,500 to purchase the call option, your net profit for the entire trade is, therefore Rs. 3,000. For the ease of understanding, we did not take into account commission charges.
Analysis Of Long Call Strategy:
Long call strategy limits the downside risk to the premium paid which is coming around Rs. 60 per share in the above example, whereas potential return is unlimited if ABC Ltd moves higher significantly. It is perfectly suitable for traders who don’t have a huge capital to invest but could potentially make much bigger returns than investing the same amount directly in the underlying security.
Short Put Options Trading Strategy
What is short put option strategy?
A short put is the opposite of buy put option. With this option trading strategy, you are obliged to buy the underlying security at a fixed price in the future. This option trading strategy has a low profit potential if the stock trades above the strike price and exposed to high risk if stock goes down. It is also helpful when you expect implied volatility to fall, that will decrease the price of the option you sold.
When to initiate a short put?
A short put is best used when you expect the underlying asset to rise moderately. It would still benefit if the underlying asset remains at the same level, because the time decay factor will always be in your favour as the time value of put will reduce over a period of time as you reach near to expiry. This is a good option trading strategy to use because it gives you upfront credit, which will help to somewhat offset the margin.
Strategy  Short Put Option 

Market Outlook  Bullish or Neutral 
Breakeven at expiry  Strike price – Premium received 
Risk  Unlimited 
Reward  Limited to premium received 
Margin required  Yes 
Let’s try to understand with an Example:
Current Nifty Price  8300 

Strike price  8200 
Premium received (per share)  80 
BEP (strike Price – Premium paid)  8120 
Lot size  75 
Suppose Nifty is trading at Rs. 8300. A put option contract with a strike price of 8200 is trading at Rs. 80. If you expect that the price of Nifty will surge in the coming weeks, so you will sell 8200 strike and receive upfront profit of Rs.6,000 (75*80). This transaction will result in net credit because you will receive the money in your broking account for writing the put option. This will be the maximum amount that you will gain if the option expires worthless. If the market moves against you, then you should have a stop loss based on your risk appetite to avoid unlimited loss.
So, as expected, if Nifty Increases to 8400 or higher by expiration, the options will be out of the money at expiration and therefore expire worthless. You will not have any further liability and amount of Rs.6000 (75*80) will be your maximum profit. If Nifty goes against your expectation and falls to 7800 then the loss would be amount to Rs.24000 (75*320). Following is the payoff schedule assuming different scenarios of expiry. For the ease of understanding, we did not take into account commission charges and Margin.
Analysis of Short Put Option Trading Strategy
A short put options trading strategy can help in generating regular income in a rising or sideways market but it does carry significant risk and it is not suitable for beginner traders. It’s also not a good strategy to use if you expect underlying assets to rise quickly in a short period of time; instead one should try long call trade strategy.
Bull Put Spread
What is Bull Put Spread Option strategy?
A Bull Put Spread involves one short put with higher strike price and one long put with lower strike price of the same expiration date. A Bull Put Spread is initiated with flat to positive view in the underlying assets.
When to initiate Bull Put Spread
Bull Put Spread Option strategy is used when the option trader believes that the underlying assets will rise moderately or hold steady in the near term. It consists of two put options – short and long put. Short put’s main purpose is to generate income, whereas long put is bought to limit the downside risk.
How to Construct the Bull Put Spread?
Bull Put Spread is implemented by selling AttheMoney (ATM) Put option and simultaneously buying OuttheMoney (OTM) Put option of the same underlying security with the same expiry. Strike price can be customized as per the convenience of the trader.
Probability of making money
A Bull Put Spread has a higher probability of making money as compared to Bull Call Spread. The probability of making money is 67% because Bull Put Spread will be profitable even if the underlying assets holds steady or rise. While, Bull Call Spread has probability of only 33% because it will be profitable only when the underlying assets rise.
Strategy  Sell 1 ATM Put and Buy 1 OTM Put 

Market Outlook  Neutral to Bullish 
Motive  Earn income with limited risk 
Breakeven at expiry  Strike Price of Short Put – Net Premium received 
Risk  Difference between two strikes – premium received 
Reward  Limited to premium received 
Margin required  Yes 
Let’s try to understand with an example:
Nifty Current spot price (Rs)  9300 

Sell 1 ATM Put of strike price (Rs)  9300 
Premium received (Rs)  105 
Buy 1 OTM Put of strike price (Rs)  9200 
Premium paid (Rs)  55 
Break Even point (BEP)  9250 
Lot Size  75 
Net Premium Received (Rs)  50 
Suppose Nifty is trading at Rs.9300. If Mr. A believes that price will rise above 9300 or hold steady on or before the expiry, so he enters Bull Put Spread by selling 9300 Put strike price at Rs.105 and simultaneously buying 9200 Put strike price at Rs.55. The net premium received to initiate this trade is Rs.50. Maximum profit from the above example would be Rs.3750 (50*75). It would only occur when the underlying assets expires at or above 9300. In this case, both long and short put options expire worthless and you can keep the net upfront credit received that is Rs.3750 in the above example. Maximum loss would also be limited if it breaches breakeven point on downside. However, loss would be limited to Rs.3750(50*75).
For the ease of understanding, we did not take in to account commission charges. Following is the payoff chart and payoff schedule assuming different scenarios of expiry.
The Payoff Schedule:
On Expiry Nifty closes at  Payoff from Put Sold 9300 (Rs)  Payoff from Put Bought 9200 (Rs)  Net Payoff (Rs) 

8800  395  345  50 
8900  295  245  50 
9000  195  145  50 
9100  95  45  50 
9200  5  55  50 
9250  55  55  0 
9300  105  55  50 
9400  105  55  50 
9500  105  55  50 
9600  105  55  50 
9700  105  55  50 
Payoff diagram
Impact of Options Greeks:
Delta: Delta estimates how much the option price will change as the stock price changes. The net Delta of Bull Put Spread would be positive, which indicates any downside movement would result in loss.
Vega: Bull Put Spread has a negative Vega. Therefore, one should initiate this strategy when the volatility is high and is expected to fall.
Theta: Time decay will benefit this strategy as ATM strike has higher Theta as compared to OTM strike.
Gamma: This strategy will have a short Gamma position, so any downside movement in the underline asset will have a negative impact on the strategy.
How to manage Risk?
A Bull Put Spread is exposed to limited risk; hence carrying overnight position is advisable.
Analysis of Bull Put Spread Options strategy:
A Bull Put Spread Options strategy is limitedrisk, limitedreward strategy. This strategy is best to use when an investor has neutral to Bullish view on the underlying assets. The key benefit of this strategy is the probability of making money is higher as compared to Bull Call Spread.
Long Call Ladder Options Strategy
A Long Call Ladder is the extension of bull call spread; the only difference is of an additional higher strike sold. The purpose of selling the additional strike is to reduce the cost. It is limited profit and unlimited risk strategy. It is implemented when the investor is expecting upside movement in the underlying assets till the higher strike sold. The motive behind initiating this strategy is to rightly predict the stock price till expiration and gain from time value.
When to initiate a Long Call Ladder
A Long Call Ladder spread should be initiated when you are moderately bullish on the underlying assets and if it expires in the range of strike price sold then you can earn from time value factor. Also another instance is when the implied volatility of the underlying assets increases unexpectedly and you expect volatility to come down then you can apply Long Call Ladder strategy.
How to construct a Long Call Ladder?
A Long Call Ladder can be created by buying 1 ITM call, selling 1 ATM call and selling 1 OTM call of the same underlying security with the same expiry. Strike price can be customized as per the convenience of the trader i.e. A trader can initiate the following trades also: Buy 1 ATM Call, Sell 1 OTM Call and Sell 1 far OTM Call.
Strategy  Buy 1 ITM Call, Sell 1 ATM Call and Sell 1 OTM Call 

Market Outlook  Moderately bullish 
Upper Breakeven  Total strike price of short call – Strike price of long call – Net premium paid 
Lower Breakeven  Strike price of long call + Net Premium Paid 
Risk  Limited to premium paid if stock falls below lower breakeven. Unlimited if stock surges above higher breakeven. 
Reward  Limited (expiry between upper and lower breakeven) 
Margin required  Yes 
Let’s try to understand with an example:
Nifty Current spot price (Rs)  9100 

Buy 1 ITM call of strike price (Rs)  9000 
Premium paid (Rs)  180 
Sell 1 ATM call of strike price (Rs)  9100 
Premium received (Rs)  105 
Sell 1 OTM call of strike price (Rs)  9200 
Premium received (Rs)  45 
Upper breakeven  9270 
Lower breakeven  9030 
Lot Size  75 
Net Premium Paid (Rs)  30 
Suppose Nifty is trading at 9100. An investor Mr. A thinks that Nifty will expire in the range of 9100 and 9200 strikes, so he enters a Long Call Ladder by buying 9000 call strike price at Rs.180, selling 9100 strike price at Rs.105 and selling 9200 call for Rs.45. The net premium paid to initiate this trade is Rs.30. Maximum profit from the above example would be Rs.5250 (70*75). It would only occur when the underlying assets expires in the range of strikes sold. Maximum loss would be unlimited if it breaks higher breakeven point. However, loss would be limited up to Rs.2250(30*75) if it drops below the lower breakeven point.
For the ease of understanding, we did not take in to account commission charges. Following is the payoff chart and payoff schedule assuming different scenarios of expiry.
The Payoff chart:
The Payoff Schedule
On Expiry NIFTY closes at  Payoff from 1 ITM Call Bought (9000) (Rs) 
Payoff from 1 ATM Calls Sold (9100) (Rs) 
Payoff from 1 OTM Call Sold (9200) (Rs) 
Net Payoff (Rs) 

8600  180  105  45  30 
8700  180  105  45  30 
8800  180  105  45  30 
8900  180  105  45  30 
9000  180  105  45  30 
9030  150  105  45  0 
9100  80  105  45  70 
9200  20  5  45  70 
9270  90  65  25  0 
9300  120  95  55  30 
9400  220  195  155  130 
9500  320  295  255  230 
9600  420  395  355  330 
9700  520  495  455  430 
9800  620  595  555  530 
Impact of Options Greeks:
Delta: At the time of initiating this strategy, we will have a short Delta position, which indicates any significant upside movement, will lead to unlimited loss.
Vega: Long Call Ladder has a negative Vega. Therefore, one should buy Long Call Ladder spread when the volatility is high and expects it to decline.
Theta: A Long Call Ladder will benefit from Theta if it moves steadily and expires in the range of strikes sold.
Gamma: This strategy will have a short Gamma position, which indicates any significant upside movement, will lead to unlimited loss.
How to manage Risk?
A Long Call Ladder is exposed to unlimited risk; it is advisable not to carry overnight positions. Also, one should always strictly adhere to Stop Loss in order to restrict losses.
Analysis of Long Call Ladder Options strategy:
A Long Call Ladder spread is best to use when you are confident that an underlying security will not move significantly and will stays in a range of strike price sold. Another scenario wherein this strategy can give profit is when there is a decrease in implied volatility.
What Is Covered Call Options Trading Strategy?
A covered call options trading strategy is an Income generating strategy which can be initiated by simultaneously purchasing a stock and selling a call option. It can also be used by someone who is holding a stock and wants to earn income from that investment. Generally, the call option which is sold will be outthemoney and it will not get exercised unless the stock price increases above the strike price.
How should you use the covered call Options Trading strategy?
Choosing between strikes involves a tradeoff between priorities. An investor can select higher outthemoney strike price and preserve some more upside potential. However, more outthemoney would generate less premium income, which means that there would be a smaller downside protection in case ofstock decline. The expiration month reflects the time horizon of his market view.
Strategy  Buy Stock & Sell call option 

Market Outlook  Neutral to moderately bullish 
Breakeven(Rs.) at expiry  Stock price paidpremium received 
Maximum Risk  Stock price paidcall premium 
Reward  Limited 
Margin required  Yes 
Let’s try to understand the Covered Call Options Trading Strategy with an Example:
Current ABC Ltd Price  Rs. 8500 

Strike price  Rs. 8700 
Premium Received (per share)  Rs. 50 
BEP (strike Price – Premium paid)  Rs. 8450 
Lot size (in units)  100 
Let us consider the following scenario: Mr. X has purchased 100 shares of ABC Ltd. for Rs.8500 and simultaneously sells a call option with a strike price of Rs.8700 for Rs.50 which means that Mr. X does not think that price of ABC Ltd will rise above Rs.8700 till expiry. Thus, the net outflow to Mr. X is (Rs.8500Rs.50) Rs.8450.
The upside profit potential is limited to the premium received from the call option sold plus the difference between the stock purchase price and its strike price.
In the above example, if stock price surges above the 8700 level, then the maximum profit would be calculated as:(87008500 +50)*100 = (250*100) = Rs. 25,000. If the stock price stays at or below Rs.8700, the call option will not get exercised and Mr. X can retain the premium of Rs. 50, which is an extra income.
For the ease of understanding, concepts such as commission, dividend, margin, tax and other transaction charges have not been included in the above example.
Any increase in volatility will have a neutral to negative impact as the option premium will increase, while a decrease in volatility will have a positive effect. Time decay will have a positive effect.
Analysis of Covered Call trading Strategy:
The covered call strategy is best used when an investor wishes to generate income in addition to any dividends from shares of stocks he or she owns. However, it may not be a very profitable strategy for an investor whose main interest is to gain substantial profit and who wants to protect downside risk.
What is Call Backspread?
The Call Backspread is reverse of call ratio spread. It is bullish strategy that involves selling options at lower strikes and buying higher number of options at higher strikes of the same underlying stock. It is unlimited profit and limited risk strategy.
When to initiate the Call Backspread
The Call Backspread is used when an option trader thinks that the underlying asset will experience significant upside movement in the near term.
How to construct the Call Backspread?
 Sell 1 ITM/ATM Call
 Buy 2 OTM Call
The Call Backspread is implemented by selling one IntheMoney (ITM) or AttheMoney (ATM) call option and simultaneously buying two OuttheMoney (OTM) call options of the same underlying asset with the same expiry. Strike price can be customized as per the convenience of the trader.
Strategy  Call Backspread 

Market Outlook  Significant upside movement 
Upper Breakeven  Long call strikes + Difference between long and short strikes /+ net premium received or paid 
Lower Breakeven  Strike price of Short call +/ net premium paid or received 
Risk  Limited 
Reward  Unlimited (when Underlying price > strike price of buy call) 
Margin required  Yes 
Let’s try to understand with an Example:
NIFTY Current market Price Rs  9300 

Sell ATM Call (Strike Price) Rs  9300 
Premium Received (per share) Rs  140 
Buy OTM Call (Strike Price) Rs  9400 
Premium Paid (per lot) Rs  70 
Net Premium Paid/Received  0 
Upper BEP  9500 
Lower BEP  9300 
Lot Size  75 
Suppose Nifty is trading at Rs.9300. If Mr. A believes that price will rise significantly above Rs 9400 on or before expiry, then he initiates Call Backspread by selling one lot of 9300 call strike price at Rs.140 and simultaneously buying two lot of 9400 call strike price at Rs.70. The net premium paid/received to initiate this trade is zero. Maximum profit from the above example would be unlimited if underlying assets break upper breakeven point. However, maximum loss would be limited to Rs.7,500 (100*75) and it will only occur when Nifty expires at 9400.
For the ease of understanding, we did not take in to account commission charges. Following is the payoff schedule assuming different scenarios of expiry.
The Payoff Schedule:
On Expiry NIFTY closes at  Net Payoff from 9300 Call Sold (Rs)  Net Payoff from 9400 Call Bought (Rs) (2Lots)  Net Payoff (Rs) 

9000  140  140  0 
9100  140  140  0 
9200  140  140  0 
9300  140  140  0 
9350  90  140  50 
9400  40  140  100 
9450  10  40  50 
9500  60  60  0 
9600  160  260  100 
9700  260  460  200 
9800  360  660  300 
9900  460  860  400 
The Payoff Graph:
Impact of Options Greeks:
Delta: If the net premium is received from the Call Backspread, then the Delta would be negative, which means even if the underlying assets falls below lower BEP, profit will be the net premium received.
If the net premium is paid then the Delta would be positive which means any upside movement will result into profit.
Vega: The Call Backspread has a positive Vega, which means an increase in implied volatility will have a positive impact.
Theta: With the passage of time, Theta will have a negative impact on the strategy because option premium will erode as the expiration dates draws nearer.
Gamma: The Call Backspread has a long Gamma position, which means any major upside movement will benefit this strategy.
How to manage risk?
The Call Backspread is exposed to limited risk; hence one can carry overnight position.
Analysis of Call Backspread:
The Call Backspread is best to use when an investor is extremely bullish because investor will make maximum profit only when stock price expires above higher (bought) strike.
What is Stock Repair strategy?
As the name suggests, the Stock Repair strategy is an alternative strategy to recover from loss that a stock has suffered due to fall in price. The Stock Repair strategy helps in recovering losses with just a moderate rise in the price of the underlying stock.
Why to Initiate Stock Repair strategy?
Stock Repair strategy is initiated to recover from the losses and exit from loss making position at breakeven of the underlying stock.
Who can initiate Stock Repair strategy?
A Stock Repair strategy should be implemented by investors who are looking forward to average their position by buying additional stocks in cash when the underlying stock price is falling. Instead of buying additional stock in cash one can apply stock repair strategy.
Stock Repair strategy?
A Stock Repair strategy should be initiated only when the stock that you are holding in your portfolio has corrected by 1020% and only if you think that the underlying stock will rise moderately in near term.
How to Construct the Stock Repair strategy?
 Buy 1 ATM call
 Sell 2 OTM calls
Stock Repair strategy is implemented by buying one AttheMoney (ATM) call option and simultaneously selling two OuttheMoney (OTM) call options strikes, which should be closest to the initial buying price of the same underlying stock with the same expiry.
Strategy  Long Stock, Buy 1 ATM Call and Sell 2 OTM Call 

Market Outlook  Mildly Bullish 
Motive  Recover loss with limited risk 
Break even  (Strike price of buy call + strike of sell call + net premium paid)/2 
Risk  Net premium paid, Drop in price of holding stock 
Reward  Average of difference between strike pricenet premium paid 
Margin required  Yes 
Let’s try to understand with an example:
DISHTV earlier Bought at Rs  100 

Quantity bought  7000 
DISHTV Current spot price (Rs)  90 
Buy 1 ATM Call of strike price (Rs)  90 
Premium paid (Rs)  5 
Sell 2 OTM Call of strike price (Rs)  100 
OTM call price per lot (Rs)  2 
Premium received (Rs) (2*2)  4 
Break even  95.5 
Lot Size  7000 
Net Premium paid (Rs)  1 
For example, an investor Mr. A had bought 7000 shares of DISHTV at Rs.100 in April but the price of DISHTV has declined to Rs.90, resulting in to notional loss of Rs.70,000. Mr. A thinks that price will rise from this level so rather than doubling the quantity at current price, here he can initiate the Stock Repair strategy. This can be initiated by buying one May 90 call for Rs.5 and selling two May 100 call for Rs.2 each. The net debit paid to enter this spread is Rs.1 amounting to Rs.7000, which will be the maximum loss from repair strategy that Mr. A will face if DISHTV falls below Rs.90.
If DISHTV expires at 80 level then both the calls would expire worthless, resulting in loss of the debit paid of Rs.7000 as the net cost to initiate Stock Repair strategy is Rs.1 per lot. Had Mr A doubled his position at 90 level then he would have lost Rs.70,000 (10*7000). This shows he is much better off by applying this strategy.
If DISHTV expires at 100 level then this would be the best case scenario where maximum profit will be achieved. May 90 call bought would result in to profit of Rs.5 where as May 100 call sold will expire worthless resulting in to gain of Rs.4. Net gain would be Rs.63,000 (9*7000).
Followings are the two scenarios assuming Mr A has implemented the Stock Repair strategy whereas Mr B has doubled his position at lower level. For the ease of understanding, we did not take in to account commission charges.
Stock Repair  Normal Averaging  

DISHTV expires at  Payoff from stock holding at Rs 100  Payoff from Repair Strategy  Net payoff of Mr. A  Payoff from stock holding at Rs 100  Doubling down position payoff  Net Payoff of Mr. B 
70  (2,10,000)  (7,000)  (2,17,000)  (2,10,000)  (1,40,000)  (3,50,000) 
80  (1,40,000)  (7,000)  (1,47,000)  (1,40,000)  (70,000)  (2,10,000) 
90  (70,000)  (7,000)  (77,000)  (70,000)  0  (70,000) 
100  0  63,000  63,000  0  70,000  70,000 
110  70,000  (7,000)  63,000  70,000  1,40,000  2,10,000 
Comparison:
Mr. A initiated stock repair strategy  Mr. B Doubled his position at lower level  

Margin  Only margin money is required to initiate stock repair strategy  Full amount has to be paid in cash for taking delivery of stock 
Interest Loss (1 month)  1,50,000*0.08/12=1000  630000*0.08/12= 4200 
Risk  Risk associated is limited  It involves high risk when the stock price falls 
Brokerage  Brokerage in Options is comparatively less.  Brokerage paid to initiate position is higher as compared to Options. 
The Payoff chart:
Analysis of Stock Repair strategy:
The Stock Repair strategy is suitable for an investor who is holding a losing stock and wants to reduce breakeven at very little or no cost. This strategy helps in minimizing the loss at very low cost as compared to “Doubling Down” of position.
Call Ratio Spread Explained
What is Call Ratio Spread?
The Call Ratio Spread is a premium neutral strategy that involves buying options at lower strikes and selling higher number of options at higher strikes of the same underlying stock.
When to initiate the Call Ratio Spread
The Call Ratio Spread is used when an option trader thinks that the underlying asset will rise moderately in the near term only up to the sold strikes. This strategy is basically used to reduce the upfront costs of premium paid and in some cases upfront credit can also be received.
How to construct the Call Ratio Spread?
 Buy 1 ITM/ATM Call
 Sell 2 OTM Call
The Call Ratio Spread is implemented by buying one IntheMoney (ITM) or AttheMoney (ATM) call option and simultaneously selling two OuttheMoney (OTM) call options of the same underlying asset with the same expiry. Strike price can be customized as per the convenience of the trader.
Strategy  Call Ratio Spread 

Market Outlook  Moderately bullish with less volatility 
Upper Breakeven  Difference between long and short strikes + short call strikes +/ premium received or paid 
Lower Breakeven  Strike price of long call +/ Net premium paid or received 
Risk  Unlimited 
Reward  Limited (when Underlying price = strike price of short call) 
Margin required  Yes 
Let’s try to understand with an Example:
NIFTY Current market Price  9300 

Buy ATM Call (Strike Price)  9300 
Premium Paid (per share)  140 
Sell OTM Call (Strike Price)  9400 
Premium Received  70 
Net Premium Paid/Received  0 
Upper BEP  9500 
Lower BEP  9300 
Lot Size  75 
Suppose Nifty is trading at Rs.9300. If Mr. A believes that price will rise to Rs.9400 on expiry, then he enters Call Ratio Spread by buying one lot of 9300 call strike price at Rs.140 and simultaneously selling two lot of 9400 call strike price at Rs.70. The net premium paid/received to initiate this trade is zero. Maximum profit from the above example would be Rs.7500 (100*75). For this strategy to succeed the underlying asset has to expire at 9400. In this case short call option strikes will expire worthless and 9300 strike will have some intrinsic value in it. However, maximum loss would be unlimited if it breaches breakeven point on upside.
For the ease of understanding, we did not take in to account commission charges. Following is the payoff schedule assuming different scenarios of expiry.
The Payoff Schedule:
On Expiry NIFTY closes at  Net Payoff from 9300 Call Bought (Rs)  Net Payoff from 9400 Call Sold (Rs) (2Lots)  Net Payoff (Rs) 

8900  140  140  0 
9000  140  140  0 
9100  140  140  0 
9200  140  140  0 
9300  140  140  0 
9350  90  140  50 
9400  40  140  100 
9450  10  40  50 
9500  60  60  0 
9600  160  260  100 
9700  260  460  200 
9800  360  660  300 
9900  460  860  400 
The Payoff Graph:
Impact of Options Greeks:
Delta: If the net premium is received from the Call Ratio Spread, then the Delta would be negative, which means slight upside movement will result into loss and downside movement will result into profit.
If the net premium is paid then the Delta would be positive which means any downside movement will result into premium loss, whereas a big upside movement is required to incur loss.
Vega: The Call Ratio Spread has a negative Vega. An increase in implied volatility will have a negative impact.
Theta: With the passage of time, Theta will have a positive impact on the strategy because option premium will erode as the expiration dates draws nearer.
Gamma: The Call Ratio Spread has short Gamma position, which means any major upside movement will impact the profitability of the strategy.
How to manage risk?
The Call Ratio Spread is exposed to unlimited risk if underlying asset breaks higher breakeven; hence one should follow strict stop loss to limit loses.
Analysis of Call Ratio Spread:
The Call Ratio Spread is best to use when an investor is moderately bullish because investor will make maximum profit only when stock price expires at higher (sold) strike. Although investor profits will be limited if the price does not rise higher than expected sold strike.
Bullish Options Trading Strategies
Bullish options trading strategies are strategies that are suitable for when you expect the price of an underlying security to rise. The obvious, and most straightforward, way to profit from a rising price using options is to simply buy calls. However, buying calls options isn’t necessarily the best way to make a return from a moderate upwards price movement and doing so offers no protection should the underlying security fall in price or not move at all.
By using strategies other than simply buying calls, it’s possible to gain some notable advantages. On this page, we look at some of the advantages of using such strategies, as well as the disadvantages. It also provide a list of the most commonly used ones.
 Why Use Bullish Options Trading Strategies?
 Disadvantages of Bullish Options Trading Strategies
 List of Bullish Options Trading Strategies
Why Use Bullish Strategies?
Buying calls is a strategy in its own right, and there are certainly circumstances when a simple purchase of calls is a viable trade. There are downsides of buying calls too though. For one thing, you run the risk that the contract you buy will expire worthless and generate you no return at all, meaning you lose your entire investment.
You’ll always be subject to the negative effects of time decay, and you will probably need the price of the underlying security to rise reasonably significantly in order to make any profit. This doesnвЂ™t necessarily mean buying calls is always a bad idea, because there are risks involved in any form of investment. It is, however, possible to avoid some of those downsides by taking alternative approaches.
Each bullish trading strategy comes with its own unique characteristics, and you can select a strategy that is most likely to help you achieve whatever it is you are aiming for. For example, you could use one that reduces the cost of buying calls by also writing calls with a higher strike. This could also help you reduce the negative effect of time decay on your position, something you could also do by using a strategy that involved the writing of puts.
Another advantage is that you can create credit spreads, which return an upfront payment, rather than debit spreads which carry an upfront cost. The main point is that by using bullish trading strategies, you can enter a position that profits from an increase in the price of the underlying security and also control other factors that may be important to you, such as the level of risk involved or the amount of capital required.
Disadvantages
Using strategies other than a straightforward purchase of call options isn’t without disadvantages though. With pretty much any form of investment, if you want to gain extra benefits from your approach, then you have to sacrifice something in return. The same is true for options trading.
The main advantage of buying calls is that your profits are theoretically unlimited, because you continue to profit the more the price of the underlying security rises. The biggest sacrifice that you make with most bullish trading strategies is that the potential profits you can make are limited to a certain amount. However, given that most options trades are based on relatively short term price movements, and financial instruments don’t frequently move in price by huge amounts; this isn’t necessarily a major drawback.
Another disadvantage is the added complication of trying to choose the right strategy. The concept of buying calls is by itself relatively simple. If you think a financial instrument is going to increase in price, then you can benefit from that increase with a straightforward transaction. Complicating matters by trying to maximize your potential profits or limit your potential losses obviously involves more time and effort.
You’ll typically pay higher commissions too, because most strategies require multiple transactions to create spreads. However, overall you are far more likely to be consistently successful when trading options if you get to know all about the different trading strategies and learn which ones to use and when.
List of Bullish Options Trading Strategies
The following is a list of the most commonly used strategies that are appropriate for a bullish outlook. We have included some brief information about each one, including how many transactions are involved, whether a debit or credit spread is created and whether or not the it’s suitable for a beginner.
For more detailed information on each strategy, such as how to use it, its advantages, and it’s disadvantages, simply click on the relevant link. For more assistance in choosing a suitable trading strategy you may like to use our Selection Tool for Options Trading Strategies.
This is a single position strategy that involves only one transaction. It’s suitable for beginners and comes with an upfront cost.
Only one transaction is required for this, and it produces an upfront credit. It isn’t suitable for beginners.
This is a simple strategy suitable for beginners. It involves two transactions to create a debit spread.
This is straightforward but it’s not really suitable for beginners because of the trading level required. A credit spread is created using two transactions.
This is complex and requires two transactions; as such it isn’t suitable for beginners. It can create either a debit spread or credit spread, depending on the ratio of options bought to options written.
This relatively complicated trading strategy isn’t ideal for beginners. Two transactions are involved, and a credit spread is created.
There are two types of bull butterfly spread: the call bull butterfly spread and the put bull butterfly spread. It’s a complex trading strategy, requiring three transactions, that creates a debit spread. It isn’t suitable for beginners.
There are two types of bull condor spread: the call bull condor spread and the put bull condor spread. This strategy requires four transactions and it’s not suitable for beginners. It creates a debit spread.
This is a complex trading strategy requiring three transactions. It creates a debit spread and it’s not suitable for beginners.

Binarium
The Best Binary Options Broker 2020!
Good for Beginners!
Free Education + Free Demo Account!
Get Your SignUp Bonus Now!